For centuries, the idea of a multiverse has been a source of fascination and debate among physicists and philosophers alike. From the realm of science fiction to the realm of scientific exploration, the concept of multiple parallel universes existing alongside our own has captivated the minds of scientists and the public alike. There are films and dramas made with the Multiverse concept which excite the public. Dramas such as 'King Eternal Monarch' or films like 'Doctor Strange' have piqued viewers' curiosity, including mine. But could a multiverse exist, and if so, what evidence supports this idea?
To understand the concept of a multiverse, it is necessary to first grasp the idea of the universe itself. The universe, as we know it, is vast and seemingly endless, with billions of galaxies and an estimated 10^80 particles. It is governed by a set of physical laws that dictate the behavior of matter and energy. However, some scientists have proposed the idea that our universe is just one of many, and that there may be an infinite number of universes coexisting alongside our own. The concept of a multiverse can be traced back to the 1950s when the physicist Hugh Everett proposed the idea of the "many-worlds interpretation" of quantum mechanics. This theory suggests that every time a quantum event occurs, the universe splits into multiple parallel universes, each containing a different outcome. For example, if you were to flip a coin, it would land on heads in one universe, and in another, it would land on tails. While the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics is widely debated, it has laid the foundation for the concept of a multiverse. In recent years, this idea has gained traction among physicists and cosmologists as a potential explanation for a variety of phenomena that cannot be explained within the framework of our current understanding of the universe.
One of the most compelling arguments in favor of a multiverse is the fine-tuning problem. The universe we inhabit is finely tuned to support life, with the fundamental constants of nature, such as the speed of light, the strength of gravity, and the charge of the electron, set at precise values that allow for the existence of complex structures like stars, planets, and living organisms. However, the odds of these constants being set at the right values by chance are astronomically low, leading some to suggest that the universe was designed specifically to support life. The concept of a multiverse offers a solution to this problem. If there are an infinite number of parallel universes, each with different physical constants, then it is no longer surprising that one of them would happen to have the exact values necessary to support life. In this view, we just happen to be living in the universe that can support life because we wouldn't be able to exist in any of the other universes. Another argument favoring a multiverse is the existence of dark matter and dark energy, two mysterious phenomena that comprise a significant portion of the universe's mass-energy content. Dark matter and dark energy cannot be directly observed, and their properties are still poorly understood. Some scientists have proposed that these phenomena are the result of interactions between our universe and other parallel universes.
The concept of a multiverse also has implications for the universe’s origin. The currently prevailing theory of the universe's origins, the Big Bang theory, suggests that the universe began as a singularity and has been expanding ever since. However, the cause of the Big Bang remains a mystery. Some scientists have proposed that the Big Bang was not a unique event but rather the result of a quantum fluctuation in a larger multiverse. While the concept of a multiverse is intriguing, it is not without its critics. One of the main objections to the idea of a multiverse is that it is untestable. Because parallel universes by definition exist outside our universe, we can never directly observe them or gather any evidence to support their existence. Some scientists argue that the concept of a multiverse is therefore unfalsifiable and unscientific.
This information tells us that more research should be done to get a satisfactory answer. As a viewer who is curious about the existence of the multiverse or parallel universe intrigues my mind. Although some believe and some don’t I believe that the universe has great secrets hidden that we can explore and find out. Some events happened in the past which can’t be explained but still, these incidents happened. Just like that Multiverse can be real we just need some proof and evidence to get close to it.
Written by - Shriya Tiwari